Red Chalk Study of Horse, 18th Century
Sanguine (red chalk) drawing. Red chalk or sanguine (from its red color) is the dry earth pigment red ferrous oxide which has been used in drawing for thousands of years. Its earliest artistic use was in drawing outlines in Egyptian tomb paintings and in Roman frescoes. After a fixative was discovered for it in 1480, sanguine became a very poplar medium. Leonardo da Vinci was the first major artist to use red chalk frequently, and during the 16th century in Europe, red chalk became very popular on its own and also in combination with black and other chalks. The Italian artist Andrea del Sarto may have popularized the use of red chalk during his stay in Paris in 1518, and by the 18th century it was in wide use in France. The demand by collectors for red chalk drawings in France in the 18th century led to the development of a print which imitated the technique, engravings made “in the crayon manner.” This drawing was perhaps a preparatory study for such an engraving “in the crayon manner.”
FRAMED: HEIGHT: 28 in | WIDTH: 23 in
UNFRAMED: HEIGHT: 17 in | WIDTH: 11¾ in
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CONDITION: Framed using all acid free materials and Museum Glass